Formulated Document

The Work of Educational Reform and Management Policies of Shanghai Prison Administration Bureau


  Chapter 1 General principles

  Rule 1 (Objective and basis)

  This regulation was established in accordance with theゞPeople’s Republic of China Prison Law〃, the judiciaryゞRegulations of prison educational reform〃, ゞSummary of educational reform for inmates〃plus other provisions while taking practices of the prison into consideration to reinforce the educational reform for inmates and improving overall quality of reform. 。

  Rule 2 (Applicability)

  The educational reform policy applies to every prison under the jurisdiction of Shanghai prison administration bureau, as well as to every juvenile delinquent correction center and prison general hospital

  Rule 3 (Educational goal and principle)

  The purpose is for inmates to acknowledge the crime and show repentance, obey the rules and regulations, able to study assiduously, and actively partake in labor work through educational reform.

  At least 95% of the inmate needs to pass the disciplinary requirement upon release.

  The work of educational reform must be inmate-oriented, focus on feasible reform principles, persist in making substantial changes, and be result-oriented, flexible and adaptive while seeking constant improvement.

  Rule 4 (Departmental function)

  The educational reform department of the bureau is in charge of all educational reform work including planning, guiding, and supervising. The department is obliged to study and devise the prison educational reform system, guiding and supervising the reform process, major events, rules and regulations as well as ensuring all things are done accordingly to the policy.

  The educational reform department of each prison is responsible for the planning, organizing, implementing, supervising, and reviewing inmates’educational reform work. Every educational reform work has to be thoroughly carried out and carefully reviewed.

  Chapter 2 Execution standards

  Section 1 Primary contents of educational reform

  Rule 5 (Contents of the education)

  (1) Education for new inmates,

  (2) Education on laws and acknowledgement of crime and repentance,

  (3) Education on ethics, current affairs, and politics,

  (4) General education,

  (5) Labor and vocational education,

  (6) Psychological education,

  (7) Pre-release education.

  Rule 6 (Education for new inmates)

  A two month orientation at the new arrival’s brigade is established to help inmates better adapt to the new environment; to understand their rights and obligations, as well as their expected conduct and decorum; also to facilitate their acknowledgement of crimes and submission to the verdicts; last but not least, to set up their reform targets.

  An assessment is to be given to each inmate at the end of orientation. The orientation can be extended for one additional month to the inmate who has failed to pass the test.

  Rule 7 (Education on laws and acknowledgement of crime and repentance)

  Organize inmates to study constitution, criminal law, criminal procedure code, common law, civil procedure code, labor law, contractual law, inheritance act, marriage act, misuse of drugs act and other public security related law information in order to strengthen their law knowledge, their awareness and ability to conform with all laws. The pass rate for law education should be no less than 95% upon inmate’s release.

  Education on acknowledgement of crime and repentance is to guide inmates to take note of one’s crime, to understand what accounts for perpetration, to recognize the boundary separating criminal act and legitimate act, to truly admit one’s crime and accept the verdict, to realize the harm and damage caused, to search for the root of the crime, and to sincerely acknowledge one’s crime and show repentance.

  Rule 8 (Education on ethics, current affairs, and politics)

  Reinforce the education on ethics in order for inmates to learn more about moral standards, correct ethical value and other civic virtues while cultivating desirable behavior and building stronger self-awareness for social morality; moreover, able to better handle or manage individual, interpersonal, or group relations in the society. The pass rate for ethical education should be no less than 95% upon inmate’s release.

  Rule 9 (General education)

  Inmates under the age of 45 are encouraged to study and to pursuit higher education, especially focusing on the completion of the 9 year compulsory education. Inmates are more than welcome to participate in various educational programs such as the electronic university, the correspondence university, or other educational institutes, or to conduct self-study. The prison strives to assist inmates away from illiteracy. The aim is to have at least 95% of the inmates with minimum of elementary educational qualification before release.

  Rule 10 (Labor and vocational education)

  It is important to guide inmates towards right working attitude, also to cultivate correct work ethics and positive habits. The prison is to encourage inmates learn and acquire practical skills base on individual needs and interests. The prison will provide vocational and technical courses plus on-site trainings to teach and to improve inmate’s work abilities and skills, especially for inmates under age 50. The aim is to ensure inmates can have better chance of finding a suitable job with at least 95% of inmates holding a technical certificate upon release

  Rule 11 (Psychological education)

  Psychological education and counseling will be made available to all inmates. The purpose is to help inmates better understand different psychological or psychiatric issues, and have inmates learn to maintain a healthy psychological state and improve interpersonal skills and self-management. The participation rate is expected to be 100%, with psychological education pass rate of over 95%.

  Rule 12 (Pre-release education)

  A three month pre-release education will be given to inmates who are about to complete their sentence. The prison will educate these inmates base on individual needs and to help them understand the environment, society, progress of the economy, job opportunities, job market, social welfare and other areas so as to manage and adhere to job placement policies, strengthen the ability to adapt to society life by enabling them with a job and livelihood.

  Section 2 Implementation of educational reform

  Rule 13 (Classroom education)

  The teaching of cultural and political education takes place in a classroom setting. The class can also be taught by using more animated and instrumental educational materials and teaching format.

  Rule 14 (Individual education)

  It’s imperative to implement “10 must talks”, to conduct one-on-one educational conversation with each inmate at least once a month to understand their needs, to guide and to resolve their problems or conflicts, to stabilize their emotions, also to induce positive reform attitude.

  Make the officer’s responsibilities clear to all inmates, effectively carry out all necessary work and endeavor to improve the transformation rate of the unruly or the malicious inmates. The positive conversion rate of the incorrigible or the intractable inmates should be more than 50% per year, while dispelling any danger from malicious inmates immediately.

  Rule 15 (Review education)

  A review education is to be held by the captain on the daily basis. The members of a cell room will conduct a review once a week, and every 2 weeks at the brigade level plus the quarterly prison review.

  Rule 16 (Psychological treatment)

  Perform a range of psychological tests and detailed analysis on inmates to diagnose their psychological well- being. If there is any anomaly or problem, a warning report should be issued along with recommended treatment and advice.

  Take immediate actions or measures on inmates who are suffering from psychological illness or dysfunction.

  Proceed with verification and treatment for inmates who are suffering from serious psychological problems.

  Create files for each inmate documenting individual information, psychological status, issues, treatment history, and other relevant medical information.

  Rule 17 (Brigade culture)

  The prison sets up broadcasting stations, closed circuit surveillance monitors, library, prison newsletters, reform information network for inmates, etc, and the reformation propaganda is used to strengthen the overall reform education. Prison organizes cultural activities during free time and holidays and plans exciting sporting events including cultural performances, sports competition, music lessons, art, calligraphy, etc to enrich the lives of inmates so as to dispel any criminal habits.

  Rule 18 (Education that integrates the application of various measures)

  Bring into effect the use of equitable and civilized ways of law enforcement on the educational reform of inmates. Build a well regulated working process and system of law enforcement with accountability for their duties and responsibilities, also to specify details of procedure and regulate the law enforcement behavior. Protect the legal rights of inmates in accordance with the law. Insist on the elimination of any illegal acts including beating, vituperation, and corporal punishment and torturing of inmates. Establish sound supervision mechanism, promote transparency of prison affair and promote open and equitable execution of law.

  Exert the influence of regulated management on the restriction, the guidance, and encouragement of inmates. Persist on having legitimate, rigorous, scientific, civilized, and regulated management procedures. Perfect the management system and intensify the effort to investigate and punish behaviors that violate the system, and continuously improve the management standards.

  Exert the functional effect of labor to rectify inmates. Strengthen the labor organizational management, arrange labor work scientifically and rationally in accordance with the law, assure that the labor insurance and compensation are legally implemented, enhance the inmate’s labor participating enthusiasm, and enable them to establish a new concept on labor, to master labor skills, and to cultivate work ethics.

  Rules19 (Socialized educational reform)

  Utilize outside resources wisely to boost socialized education.

  Expand the contacts with the social voluntary work group, legal service, library service, career center and other supporting groups to benefit inmates by offering them more employment opportunities after release.

  Rule 20 (Personalized rectification scheme and release assessment)

  Make inquiries, perform examinations and reviews for all new inmates in order to gain more basic information, also learn about their ways of thinking, attitudes towards their acknowledgement of crime, and create files to include their reform developments and grades, as well as the evaluations on the level of harm / malice that one may cause.

  Perform re-assessments to the inmates before release to prognosticate or identify any possible harm or malice, work out overall performance appraisals, then provide all relevant information to the judicial department of the inmate’s hometown.。

  Rule 21 (Creative education)

  Maintain and improve the effective modus operandi from the past, learn from experience while constantly search for better reform models or methods, strive to optimize the system and maximize the reform results.

  Pay great attention to new criminal researches and studies, learn more about new types of crimes, classify all crimes, enhance inmate’s self-refection, improve general education, psychological consultation, traditional education etc. to better accommodate individual needs and to achieve greater outcomes.

  Increase inmates’employment opportunities by providing practical trainings, career guidance or consultation to the soon to be released inmates.

  Improve the quality or the standards of current educational system by applying or adopting modern technologies such network education, on-line courses, multi-media education etc.

  Rule 22 (Educational reform for the juvenile delinquent)

  Emphasize on implementing various formats or methods of educational reform to help juvenile offenders learn base on their individual characters and needs.

  The juvenile offender’s work should be revolved around education or technical trainings. The time spent on work is not to exceed 4 hours a day, or more than 20 hours a week. The offender under the age of 16 is not allowed to participate in any labor work.

  Section 3 Educational reform management

  Rule 23 (Strengthening the leadership)

  Leaders should give more emphasis on reform by allocating more time and resources on them. The warden will be the primary person in charge of the educational reform.

  Organize a forum discussing educational reform at least once every quarter

  Rule 24 (Job responsibilities)

  Identify educational reform responsibilities among the prison, the brigade, and the officer.

  The prison is in charge of the overall educational reform, program coordination, analysis and allocation of different job functions, as well as providing guidance, supervision, and evaluation. It is responsible for organizing and arranging education on law and ethics, cultures, psychological well-being, prison quarterly evaluation forum, new policies and other significant subjects. The prison will organize at least 4 side educational programs a year.

  The brigade is responsible for the participation of inmates, site management, class control, plus performance assessment and review. The bridge also needs to arrange other supporting educational programs, evaluation review, production or technical trainings. The brigade will organize at least 4 side educational programs every year.

  The officer’s responsibilities are to guide inmates and to encourage them to accept education. The officer needs to preside over evaluation review, to engage in individual consultation and read weekly reports. The officer also has to arrange group discussion and study, and be aware of each individual’s educational progress and results.

  Rule 25 (The officer’s training and incentive)

  Reinforce the training for the educational reform officers and improve their overall performance.

  Identify capable officers through performance evaluation, engage in reviews pertaining to psychological, moral, and law education, encourage greater contribution and dedication to the work of educational reform.

  Rule 26 (The inmate’s appraisal and reward)

  Set up a sound appraisal and reward system, encourage inmates to partake in various educational programs, and strive to become an active reformist in studying.

  Rule 27 (Fundamental work)

  Formalize, record, and file all educational reform work, make statistic reports and keep everything systematic and well organized.

  Chapter 3 Supervision, assessment and job responsibility

  Rule 28 (Assessment cycle)

  The prison administration bureau performs annual evaluation on educational reform work and targets, also implements random inspection on various programs.

  Rule 29 (Contents of evaluation)

  (1) Pass rate on the compliance of rules and regulations,

  (2) Pass rate on the law education,

  (3) Pass rate on the ethical education,

  (4) Achievement rate on acquiring general education certificates,

  (5) Achievement rate on acquiring vocational or technical education certificates,

  (6) Qualification rate on psychological wellbeing,

  (7) Percentage of psychological examination performed on the new inmate,

  (8) Conversion rate and removal rate of problem or malicious inmates,

  (9) Percentage of pre-release assessment,

  (10) Inmate’s educational reform and work assurance.

  Rule 30 (Evaluation methods)

  Every evaluation is to be done in fair and objective manners, emphasizes on assessing the execution, development, and effectiveness of the educational reform work as well as other relevant criteria.

  Rule 31 (Evaluation result)

  The outcome of the evaluation of the prison’s educational reform work can be graded as fail, pass, good, or excellent.

  The final result will be delivered.

  Rule 32 (Pursuit of responsibility)

  The prison leader and the department head will be held accountable for failing the test.

  Chapter 4 Assurance measures

  Rule 33 (Creation of institution and post)

  Create job positions in accordance with educational reform department. Set up corresponding posts to ensure the educational reform is carried out accordingly.

  The following posts should be established by the educational reform department: leadership post, political education post, orientation and pre-release education post, general education post, technical education post, individual education post, psychological consultation post, brigade cultural establishment post, and statistic & data analysis post.

  Every staff should have at least a college degree or equivalent qualification, and has to undergo job training.

  Rule 34 (Purview of responsibilities)

  The educational reform depart has the authority to devise the policy, the system and the regulation of educational reform, as well as the power to supervise, review, and audit all reform works performed by the prison.

  Rule 35 (Education time)

  Implement the “511”work model, unify the educational day. There should be no less than 500 class hours for adult inmates and minimum of 1000 educational class hours for the juveniles in a year.

  Rule 36 (educational reform budget)

  A budget should be allocated specifically for the educational reform program from the overall budget. An audit system needs to be in place to make sure the money is spent wisely and correctly.

  Rule 37 (Educational reform facility and location)

  The prison should set up facilities such as classrooms, discussion rooms, multifunctional centers, library, reading rooms, technology/computer rooms, psychological consultation center etc. All rooms should be equipped with the computer, the projector, and other supporting equipments. All of the above mentioned need to be included in the prison educational reform plan.

  Chapter 5 Appendix

  Rule 38 (Execution date)

  This policy takes effect from October 8, 2010.